Estelle Louise Fletcher (July 22, 1934 – September 23, 2022) was an American actre

best known for her portrayal of Nurse Ratched in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975)

which earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress, a BAFTA Award, and a Golden Globe Award.

She was also well-known for her recurring role as the Bajoran religious leader Kai Winn Adami in the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1993–99)

She was nominated for two Emmy Awards for her roles in the television series Picket Fences (1996) and Joan of Arcadia (2004)

Her final role was as Rosie in the Netflix series Girlboss (2017).

Fletcher was born on July 22, 1934, in Birmingham, Alabama

Fletcher's father founded more than 40 churches for the deaf in Alabama.

Fletcher began appearing in several television series including Lawman (1958) and Maverick (1959).